Remembering Japanese cars from the past

Tag: 2t

Smallish 9 year Toyota Carina update

Actually this is a big Toyota Carina update! The title is an understatement and was a bit of irony as there has a lot happened in the past few years. I should first briefly explain the the things that happened and go into those things later in depth in additional posts. So what happened to my plans to swap in the bits of a Celica AA63? What happened to the JDM front?

What happened to the Toyota Carina?

I think I dropped off in November 2014 with updating on the Toyota Carina right when I installed a set of Celica Supra seats and mid-2015 I bought a JDM Carina bumper that was wrongly delivered into the Netherlands. The latter story I posted in a vlog, but as the video has since disappeared I also removed the blog post here.

JDM Carina GT bumper
The JDM Carina GT bumper I bought in 2014

Due to circumstances the Carina was used less and less frequent. This caused the left front brake pads to get stuck in 2017. I noticed this due to the smell of overheated pads while driving in traffic jam. I quickly left the highway, but strangely the problem disappeared before I could diagnose it. Maybe they got unstuck once the pads cooled down enough. Take notice of this.

In 2019 I de-JDM-ized the rear tail lights by installing NOS European units to make the Carina pass APK inspection (the Dutch MOT equivalent which I will name MOT from now on) and stored them in my attic to be repaired. This will get its own follow up series of posts as I want to install them on the Carina once more.

De-JDM-izing my Toyota Carina
De-JDM-izing my Toyota Carina, left European and right JDM tail lights

Brake pads overheat once more

In late 2019 I also made a short trip to the Utrecht office of the company I used to work for back then. During this trip I suffered once again from a stuck front brake pad. However, this time the brake fluid started to boil and I had to make an emergency stop using the handbrake. As you can understand this was a bit freighting and sketchy. The ANWB (Dutch roadside assistance) helped me out and fixed it temporarily. A rebuild of the front disk brakes was necessary, so I put the Carina back into the garage with the intention to fix it early 2020. As we all know 2020 was a very interesting year and the Carina remained parked in the garage including the majority of 2021.

Second time the brake pad got stuck on my Toyota Carina
The second time the brake pads got stuck on my Toyota Carina

Sourcing brake caliper rebuild sets

In 2021 the MOT would expire as it is a bi-annual check. This meant I had to do something about the stuck break pad issue and decided to go for a rebuild. I made a call to the local Toyota dealer (it was amidst a lockdown, so I couldn’t visit them in person) to order a rebuild set. Then I was told one such set would cost 80 euros and I would need two of them as I would need one per caliper.

I tried sourcing the same two sets and found Amayama offered it including EMS air shipping for the same price of a single set at the local Toyota dealer. Normally I would rather get it from the Toyota dealer, but 80 euros is a lot of money and I opted for Amayama instead. Unfortunately Amayama sent the package to the wrong customer in Miami. Amiyama had to source the kits once more and the second package only arrived in early December. That meant I had to de-register the Carina as it clearly wouldn’t pass the MOT test before expiry of its current MOT. When they did arrive, it turned out the rebuild kit was actually meant for both sides.

Rebuild kit for the Toyota Carina brake calipers
Rebuild kits for the Toyota Carina brake calipers finally arrived in December

Life happens

Then life happened end of 2021: my dad got hospitalized and I lost my dad early 2022. Devastated about this loss and also partly the anger due to some not-so-well-arrangements-by-my-dad I decided it was time to sell the Carina. Let it go. Get something else instead. Something that wouldn’t remind me of my dad. So I decided to fix it up, pass MOT and then sell it.

Trying to pass MOT attempts #1 and #2

I set to work: rebuilt the brakes, replaced filters and fluids, fixed minor issues like worn wiper blades. By the end of 2022 I was done with the repairs. However, the Carina didn’t manage to pass the MOT test: brake balance was incorrect, headlights were misaligned (how did that happen?), exhaust was leaking and the rear brake lines had rust on them. I rebuilt the left brake once more. Fixed the headlight alignment. Patched up the exhaust with putty and removed the rust from the rear brake lines. Went for the test once more and now tester refused to test the car as the brake pedal didn’t have any feel in it. Apparently some air bubbles were present in the brake lines. I was so angry that I threw the towel in the ring and decided to try once more early 2023.

Patching up the exhaust with some putty
Patching up the exhaust with some putty

Trying to pass MOT attempt #3

Early May 2023 I put the Toyota Carina for sale. It had no MOT as an oldtimer gathering would happen in my hometown and I had to wait at least 3 weeks for the first available spot. However, I already wanted to drum up interest for the sale as I estimated it probably would take a few months to sell. So I put the Carina for sale without MOT. Against expectations it quickly gained a lot of interest and my inbox flooded with various messages. One person visited me to view the car and he was interested to buy. We agreed he would test drive the Carina once it had MOT. The week after the Carina was able to pass MOT without a problem, however I was still not satisfied with the performance of the brakes. I once more invested time and finally found the issue!

Still not satisfied with the brakes

The problem is that my bleeding nipples are old and don’t seal 100% when I undid them. I was pulling the brake fluid through the caliper with a vacuum system. In the open position, I noticed sometimes a few small bubbles appeared and I would leave it to flush everything out. However, apparently it always happened when the nipples were almost in the closed position. So, when I close the bleeding nipple it would draw in a small bubble of air into the system. I removed the nipples, put some thick grease on them and inserted them back in again and the problem was solved. In preparation I washed the car thoroughly. I also filled up the tank with 20 liters of premium Euro 98 (contains less than 5% of ethanol) to ensure the few remaining liters of old stale petrol wouldn’t be an issue anymore.

First wash of the Toyota Carina in 5 years!
First wash of the Carina in 5 years!

Trying to sell the Toyota Carina

During the weekend after obtaining MOT the test drive with the prospect buyer took place. At first everything went smooth: the Carina started up fine. The prospect buyer took the wheel and we set off for the test drive. I told him just to take it easy, drive around town, drive up the highway, exit on the next offramp and then return home via a couple of B-roads. We drove around town, took the highway and then at the next offramp the engine stalled.

The engine wouldn’t start and when I looked at the dashboard my heart sank: the temperature needle was even beyond the red-zone. The engine had overheated for an unknow reason. We called the ANWB and after 30 minutes they arrived. They suspected a head gasket failure. The ANWB tried to revive the engine by filling it with fresh coolant and K-Seal, but it was too far gone. The Carina ended up being brought back home on top of a flatbed truck.

My Carina returns home on a flatbed truck
My Carina returns home on a flatbed truck

A simple engine repair job

On Monday I headed out to the oldtimer workshop nearest to my garage and made arrangements to get the headgasket fixed. It wouldn’t be cheap, but the repair job would be straightforward. The mechanic was a bit skeptical and warned me the head probably would be warped and possibly cracked. So he asked me to try and source a replacement head if possible. The mechanic set to work and by the end of the week he called me with some bad news: the head was cracked and the radiator was leaking. The latter was probably the cause for coolant loss. This was causing the engine to overheat, blow the head gasket and then fail entirely. This was a good lesson that MOT doesn’t mean the car is in good condition. If a car without coolant can pass MOT, it means they only check for what is required and not anything else.

Shopping list

So now a replacement head and radiator were on my shopping list. The next week my mechanic called me back: he double checked the engine block and found out that it had warped as well. He asked me if I could source a replacement engine for a Toyota Carina.

Both the engine block and head turned out to be warped
Both the engine block and head turned out to be warped

This made me seriously doubt whether to proceed with repairing the Carina as an engine would be much more expensive. And obviously I had to source one first. This turned out to be an issue and nobody keeps a 2T engine. So in the end I couldn’t find a 2T engine, but I was able to source a replacement 2T-B engine. That’s close enough, but there are a couple of differences: the 2T engine has lower compression than the 2T-B and only features a single carburetor while the 2T-B features them in duplicate. The seller guaranteed it was 100% working when he pulled it out of a Celica. At the same time I could also source a brand new radiator for peanuts. 15 euros of Peanuts that is. So I decided to go ahead, rip out that broken engine and get it replaced with another!

Carina spiraling out of control

When we picked up the engine, it turned out to be freely moving. Compression of the cylinders was good. There was a little bit of compression deviation between the cylinders, but nothing to worry about. We paid and brought the engine home. When the engine cover was lifted we found a big surprise: oil sludge everywhere! It looked like as if someone forgot to drain the engine oil and had been topping up the engine for over 10 years!

We found thick oil sludge in the replacement engine
We found thick oil sludge everywhere in this replacement 2T-B engine!

Cleaning up the sludge

Luckily once the engine was cleaned it turned out to be in far better condition than mine was before the headgasket blew. There was little to no scoring on the cylinder walls, the head was in very good condition and the cam had little to no wear. Regardless of its looks, this was a true unstressed engine. So never judge an engine by its looks!

The cleaned up 2T-B engine turned out to be in excellent condition
The cleaned up 2T-B engine turned out to be in excellent condition

Happy or unhappy with the repair?

I was very happy and relieved when the rebuilt engine finally was dropped back into the Carina. Naturally I was a bit less happy with the bill for the entire rebuild. If I still wanted to sell the Carina, I could increase the sales prices of the Carina a bit to make up for this loss. However, this couldn’t be done for the entire bill. If I would do that, the Carina would be way too expensive for what it is currently. There is rust on the fenders, there is rust on the inside of the front doors and there is de-lamination on the windscreen. Nobody sane enough would pay a high price for a car in this state.

So it wouldn’t be sales worthy unless I would fix this all up. But if I would do that, that also means I first have to invest even more money without the warranty to find a buyer. So what’s the use of fixing up a car if you’re not even sure you can sell it? The answer to that is: only if you want to keep it! So I made up my mind once more and decided I’ll keep the Carina, fix the rust issues, replace the windscreen and then turn it into a kyusha-kai Carina like I intended all those years ago.

Toyota Carina GT-R running in the 90s!
A Toyota Carina GT-R running in the 90s! Will mine finally look like this in the future?

Captain hindsight is always right

In hindsight, I probably better could have sold the Carina with the blown head gasket than go through this whole ordeal. For that price with a bit more cash I also could have swapped in an entire 4A-GE and T50 drivetrain into the Carina. However, I still think I made the right decision. It’s clear the Carina didn’t want me to give up on it. I’ll finally go through with the transformation. I could even make the engine a bit more lively as it’s technically a 2T-B engine with a single carb on top. Besides that, I can always do the 4A-GE swap sometime in the future. The most important part is that it now is mobile again!

So what can you expect from me in the (near) future? First of all in my next post about the Carina I’ll lay down my plans for it. I will also post some parts of the story above with some more juicy details. Finally I’ve already started on repairing the JDM tail lights and I’ll use the blogs to document the technical side of this.

Exhaust gasket arrived

Just got a call this morning: the exhaust gasket arrived already! Much quicker than I expected. :)

Going to collect them this afternoon right after work. It will be a quite a hike for me since I found my bike chained to another this morning and the dealer is quite far away from the railway station. However I do expect to make that part within the 20 minutes I got and the weather is nice today.

weather in amsterdam today

So that will be a great hike through Amsterdam Zuidoost for me then. ;)

Ordered new exhaust gasket

Always when you have plans for the weekend something will come up and the plans are being cancelled. :(

Yesterday drove to work and the Carina started to make some ticking noise on the highway. Couldn’t figure out what it was and it was only there when the engine was under stress.

During lunchbreak me and a colleague of mine went to see what was wrong with the car and I was already thinking about bent valves or a broken torque converter…

Lucky enough it turned out to be a broken exhaust gasket and only a tiny bit of gasses escaped through it, so that’s why it sounded like a ticking engine. Tried to find the gasket through several part suppliers, but all they could offer me was a complete set of engine gaskets for 57 euros. A bit too much if you’re planning to remove the engine (2T) anyway.

On my way back the noise started to get worse and currently I think it will break entirely if I drive long distances. Also all power from the engine (wasn’t much anyway) is gone now, so I need to replace it asap.

the exhaust gasket of the 2t engine

Today I ordered the gasket through Toyota, and to my surprise the part was only 7.33 euros and would be delivered next wednesday. You may find it weird, but most parts of the Trueno were extremely expensive and had long delivery time. (some weatherstrip cost 149 euros and would take 3 weeks to arrive!)

Can’t wait till thursday when I can pick it up! :)

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